A STUDY ON INCIDENCE OF VARIOUS SYSTEMIC CONGENITAL MALFORMATIONS AND THEIR ASSOCIATION WITH MATERNAL FACTORS
Keywords:Congenital Malformations, Maternal factors, Preconceptional counselling
Objectives: To study the overall and individual incidence of clinically detectable congenital malformations in newborns delivered at a tertiary hospital and to find out the associated maternal factors.
Methodology: The present study is a prospective study of all the newborns delivered at Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, SSG Hospital, Baroda for a period of one year in which total 4058 consecutively born babies were examined for all visible structural anomalies and associated maternal factors were studied.
Results: Incidence of malformed babies was 1.53% (62 malformations out of 4058 babies) of which the anomalies of CNS were the most frequent .In associated maternal factors, anaemia and diabetes were found to be relevant.
Conclusion: The incidence of congenital anomalies of CNS was highest amongst all types of congenital anomalies (neural tube defects being the commonest). More stress should be laid on prevention by regular antenatal care and avoidance of known teratogens and probable teratogenic agents.
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