A STUDY ON CARDIOVASCULAR MANIFESTATION IN LEPTOSPIROSIS CASES IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL OF SURAT CITY

A STUDY ON CARDIOVASCULAR MANIFESTATION IN LEPTOSPIROSIS CASES IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL OF SURAT CITY

Authors

  • Prakash T Chand Government Medical College Surat, Gujarat
  • Vivek R Garg Government Medical College Surat, Gujarat
  • Mithram Z Wadia Government Medical College Surat, Gujarat

Keywords:

Leptospirosis, Cardiovascular Manifestation, 2D Echo

Abstract

Background: Despite the fact that as many as 20% of patients may have associated cardiac involvement, these manifestations are seldom discussed in reviews on the clinical aspects. The present study has been carried out to know the involvement of cardiovascular system as indicator and mortality in leptospirosis.

Methodology: The present study was carried out in Govt Medical College, Surat during outbreak of Leptospirosis where all the patients with clinical suspicion of Leptospirosis were screened by IgM anti leptospira antibody ELISA (SERION ELISA), CK-MB levels, ECG changes and 2D ECHO changes.

Results: Myocarditis is maximum in more than 56 years which is about 66.6%. Out of 35 patients who were investigated with 2D echo, 18 patients (51.4%) had abnormal 2D ECHO findings. In the present study 18 patients had 2D ECHO changes in the form of reduced ejection fraction, regional wall abnormality, pericardial effusion and valvular abnormality. As the Ejection Fraction decreases the mortality increases. In EF 40-50% non survivors are 28.6%, EF 30-40% non survivors is 62.5% and EF less than <30 the mortality is 80%.

Conclusion: Cardiovascular involvement is seen in 37.1% of patients in the form of ECG changes, hypotension and ECHO changes. Of these patients with cardiovascular involvement showed that there were functional changes but no organic changes in form of chamber enlargement or valvular involvement.

 

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Published

2016-09-30

How to Cite

Chand, P. T., Garg, V. R. ., & Wadia, M. Z. (2016). A STUDY ON CARDIOVASCULAR MANIFESTATION IN LEPTOSPIROSIS CASES IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL OF SURAT CITY. National Journal of Medical Research, 6(03), 240–242. Retrieved from https://njmr.in/index.php/file/article/view/241

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Original Research Articles
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