A STUDY OF ASSOCIATION BETWEEN SENSORINEURAL HEARING LOSS AND TYPE-2 DIABETES MELLITUS IN PATIENTS OF KONASEEMA REGION
Keywords:Sensorineural hearing loss, Diabetes mellitus, Pure tone audiometry, FBS
Aims: To assess the association between sensorineural hearing loss and type 2 diabetes mellitus and to correlate with the clinical and laboratory findings.
Materials and methods: Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus of age group between 18 to 60 years of konaseema region, amalapuram were studied for a period of one and half year after obtaining ethical committe clearance. Data extracted were analysed by using SPSS software.
Results: The results were presented in simple descriptive and tabular forms. Total 95 cases and 95controls between 18 to 60 years were included .Blood and audiological investigations like FBS, PPBS, Hb1Ac, PTA were carried out and all observations are noted. The incidence of SNHL was found to be high in patients with duration of 4.1 to 10 years (54.2%).This difference was statistically significant(p<0.001).Incidence of SNHL was found to be 50.5% with maximum number of patients (21.1%) having bilateral minimal hearing loss. None of the patients were found to have profound hearing loss.
Conclusion: This study demonstrated association between sensorineural hearing loss and type 2 diabetes mellitus. SNHL was seen in 50.5% cases of type 2 diabetes mellitus. we also established the association between duration of DM and SNHL.
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