Policy on Plagiarism and Duplicate Publication

Office of Research Integrity (ORI) defines plagiarism as, "theft or misappropriation of intellectual property and the substantial unattributed textual copying of another's work". It is an act of copying text, or results without proper citation of the original author.

The most straightforward form of plagiarism is called Direct plagiarism which involves copying text, data, or figures directly from a source without citation. When author copies text from various authors and rearranges them without citing the original source, it is called "patchwork" plagiarism. Mosaic plagiarism involves paraphrasing or rewording a source without citing the original source.

Such manuscripts would not be considered for publication in the NJMR. In case of paraphrasing and summarising the work of others, author must ensure appropriate citation. While using copyrighted figures, the author must provide documentation of permission to re-use the figure at the time of submission.

Reuse of text data, or figures from an author's own previous work without citation is a form of self-plagiarism. This might vary from publishing the same work in various publications to adding little new information to a previously published study. In such case too, appropriate attribution and citation is necessary to avoid perception of unique contribution for the reader.

Auto-plagiarism or duplicate publication occurs when an author submits the same paper to multiple journals without disclosing it. Manuscript sent to the NJMR must be original and must not have been published before or be sent to another publication at the same time. If the author’s similar work or part of it has already been submitted, accepted, or published in another journal, the author must specify the details of it in the covering letter at the time of submission. Consideration by the journal is possible if the main result, conclusion, or implications are not similar or it is published in a language other than English.

Any research published as part of an academic thesis that has been published according to the requirements of the institution awarding the qualification will be considered for submission in the journal.

The submission of manuscripts for peer review is contingent upon the author ensuring that any previously published or unpublished data used in the work have been suitably credited, cited, and that the necessary permissions have been obtained. The journal editors consider all material in good faith and believe that their journals have full permission to publish every part of the submitted material, including illustrations. When citing licenced data, authors are required to provide a written assurance that they are acting in accordance with the data-licensing agreements established by the data's creators.

In case of any type of plagiarism, the editors of the journal evaluate each of these cases on individual merits and decide further action. When plagiarism is discovered post publication, the original publication will be corrected or retracted, depending on the overall integrity of the published study.

Author may find details of plagiarism on the following link.