Abstract

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Abstract

title:Risk Factors of Testicular Cancer in Arifin Achmad Regional General Hospital, Pekanbaru, Riau Province, Indonesia

Author:Zuhirman Zamzami

Keywords:testicular cancer, risk factor, Riau, Indonesia

Type:Original Article

Abstract:"Objective: To evaluate the incidence rate, patient profile, and risk factors of testicular cancer patients. Materials & methods: We reviewed the medical records of incidence rate, patient profile, and risk factor of testicular cancer patients in Arifin Achmad Hospital Regional General of Riau Province in January 2013 to December 2018. The data collected were age, ethnic/tribes, city/district origin, histopathology types, smoking history, history of cryptorchidism, family history and a history of testicular cancer. Approval on the study was obtained from the Ethical Review Board for Medicine and Health Research, Medical Faculty, University of Riau. Result: There were 22 testicular cancer patients, consisting of 91% seminoma and 9 % nonseminoma. Testicular cancer was frequently (45.5%) diagnosed in the 15-34 age group. Most patients came from Pekanbaru city in 41.1% and most (45.4%) patients were Malay tribes followed by Javanese and Batak tribes. Fifty nine percent of patients had risk factors for smoking history and history of cryptorchidism, family history, a history of testicular cancer were not found in this study. Conclusion: Risks factors of testicular cancer patients in our hospital were Pekanbaru city origin, Malay tribe, smoking history, history of cryptorchidism, family history and a history of testicular cancer. "

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