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title:Incidence of Pediatric Urinary Stones in Orphanage Children in Pekanbaru, Riau Province of Indonesia

Author:Zuhirman Zamzami

Keywords:Children, incidence, orphanage, urinary stone

Type:Original Article

Abstract:"Introduction: Urinary stones are seldom in children. Currently the incidence of urinary stones in children increases three time folds in the last third decade and occurs in the first decade of life. Objectives: The aim of this study is to identify the incidence of pediatric urinary tones in orphanage chil-dren. Materials and Methods: We examined urinary stones by using ultrasound in orphanage children of two orphanages in Pekanbaru, Riau Province, Indonesia. Univariate test was used for statistical analysis. Approval on the study was obtained from the Ethical Review Board for Medicine and Health Research, Medical Faculty, University of Riau. Results: There were 88 orphanage children in the study in which orphanage girls were more (54,5%) than the boys (45.5%), 13 – 15 age group was the most (34.1%) and the least (4.5%)was 4 – 5 age group. The most symptom was flank pain (11.4%), followed by voiding pain (dysuria) (5.7%), bloody urine (hematuria) (5.4%), spontaneously passing stone (2.3%), urinary stone history (1.3%) and family urinary stone history (1.3%). There was no positive result of urinary stone in urologic physical examinations. In all orphanage children, there was no urinary stones found in ultrasound examinations but there were 23.9 of cystitis, less simple kidney cyst and kidney hypoplasia. Conclusions: Although we found several symptoms and signs of urinary stone but in all orphanage chil-dren, there was no urinary stones found in ultrasound examinations but there were 23.9% of cystitis. "

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