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title:A Study of Superficial Mycoses with Clinical Mycological Profile in Tertiary Care Hospital in Ahmedabad, Gujarat

Author:Bhavsar Hitendra K, Modi Dhara J, Sood Nidhi K, Shah Hetal S

Keywords:Superficial mycoses, Dermatophytes, Trichophyton rubrum, Tinea corporis

Type:Original Article

Abstract:Aims & objectives: Superficial mycoses are commonly encountered fungal diseases prevalent in most parts of the world. It is a fungal disease infecting hair, skin & nails. In most of the cases, it does not produce any symptoms but in some cases it has cosmetic & systemic complications. The present study was carried out to know the prevalence of various superficial fungal pathogens in our institute. Materials & Methods: In our study, a total of 377 samples from skin department were processed & all were examined by conventional direct KOH preparation & fungal culture methods. Identification of the species was done by Lactophenol Cotton Blue mount from colony smear. Results: in present study, males are infected more than females with a ratio of 2.14:1. Tinea corporis was the commonest clinical type (52.78%). The positivity rate of KOH preparation is 68.16% & of culture is 20.15%. Trichophyton rubrum is the commonest fungal isolate (35.26%) followed by Trichophyton mentagrophytes. The maximum number of the cases was seen in the monsoon months. Conclusion: Male have higher fungal infection rate than females. Trichophyton rubrum is the common isolate in our geographical area. KOH preparation has higher positivity rate than culture.

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